Tuesday, August 25, 2020

The Different Types of Private Schools

The Different Types of Private Schools Did you know there are in excess of 30,000 tuition based schools in the United States? It very well may be somewhat overpowering; the opportunities for finding quality instruction are basically perpetual. Add to this blend, there are various sorts of schools that exist for families to browse. Lets investigate a portion of the various kinds of tuition based schools that exist and what the advantages of every choice may be for you.â Tuition based school or Independent School You may not have the foggiest idea about this, yet all free schools are viewed as tuition based schools. Be that as it may, not every single non-public school are autonomous. Whats the contrast between the two? Subsidizing. That is genuinely the one thing that isolates a free school from the remainder of the non-public schools. Live-in Schools Boarding Schoolsâ can just be characterized as tuition based schools where understudies likewise live. These private schools unite understudies from every extraordinary state and even nations to live and learn in one condition. The decent variety at live-in schools is generally a lot more prominent than a private day school in view of the private viewpoint. Understudies live in residences, like the school understanding, and have dormitory guardians who likewise live nearby in the dormitories, just as in discrete houses nearby. Regularly, in light of the fact that understudies live nearby, there are more open doors for them to partake in after-school exercises, just as end of the week and night occasions. Barricading school opens a bigger number of chances for inclusion at school than a day school and can give understudies more autonomy as they figure out how to live all alone without their folks in a sustaining and strong condition, which can make the progress to school a lot simpler. Single-Sex Schools As the name recommends, these are schools that are structured around teaching just a single sex. These schools can be boarding or day schools, however center around the parts of living and discovering that best help one sexual orientation. Regularly, military schools might be all young men, and all young ladies schools are known for their customs of sisterhood and strengthening. Peruse this article from Laurel, an alum of an all-young ladies all inclusive school and her story ofâ how the experience changed her life.â Old style Christian Schools A Christian school is one which holds fast to Christian lessons. An old style Christian school stresses scriptural lessons and joins an encouraging model comprising of three sections: sentence structure, rationale, and talk. Nation Day Schools The term nation day school evokes dreams of an exquisite school setting on the edge of a field or woods some place. That is the ticket, and regularly this sort of instructive organization is genuinely a day school, which means understudies dont live nearby, as at a loading up school.â Unique Needs Schools Unique needs schools spread a wide scope of learning incapacities including ADD/ADHD, dyslexia and other learning conditions. They have the exceptionally prepared and certificated staff important to show kids with learning incapacities. These schools can likewise be remedial in nature and can profit understudies who have conduct and order issues. Military Schools There are more than 35 private military schools in the United States. In the event that your child or girl longs for a military profession, at that point you should consider these fine schools genuinely. Regularly, military schools convey a generalization of being schools for understudies who need more grounded discipline, however a large number of these schools are exceptionally particular in nature, with thorough scholastics, elevated standards for understudy execution, and an attention on creating solid pioneers. While numerous military schools are for the most part young men by plan, there are some that acknowledge female understudies. Montessori Schools Montessori schools follow the lessons and theory of Dr. Maria Montessori. They are schools that solitary serve basic and center school understudies, with the most noteworthy evaluation served being eighth. Some Montessori Schools work with youngsters as youthful as newborn children, while most by far - 80% to be careful - start with understudies ages 3-6. The way to deal with Montessori learning is very understudy driven, with understudies driving the path in learning, and instructors serving more as tutors and aides all through the procedure. Its a profoundly dynamic methodology, with a great deal of hands-on learning. Waldorf Schools Rudolf Steiner imagined Waldorf schools. Their style of educating and the educational plan are extraordinary. Established in Germany in 1919, the Waldorf schools were initially established for laborers at the Waldorf Astoria Cigarette Company, in line with the executive. Waldorf schools are considered exceptionally instructor coordinated. A one of a kind part of Waldorf Schools is that customary scholarly subjects are presented further down the road than different schools, with a solid spotlight on innovative exercises in the early years.â Strict and Cultural Schools Numerous guardians need their kids to be instructed in a school where their strict convictions are a point of convergence as opposed to only an extra. There are a lot of schools to suit each strict necessity. These schools might be of any confidence, yet have the estimations of the religion at the center of their instructive methods of reasoning. While understudies dont fundamentally must be of a similar religion as the school (this may shift from organization to foundation) numerous schools do require a particular course of study identified with the confidence and culture. Article altered by Stacy Jagodowski

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Impact of Advancements

Question: Utilizing the Strength-Weakness-Opportunity-Threat (SWOT) scientific tool,critically talk about the effect of progressions in sustainable power source innovations on the course of vitality approach of the United Kingdom. Answer: Presentation: Vitality strategy implies the approaches embraced by the preeminent authority of a state, by and large the administration in tending to issues identified with advancement of vitality; this including creation, circulation utilization of vitality. Vitality strategies may mean enactment, marking worldwide settlements, giving motivating forces to venture, actualizing tax assessment open arrangement, setting rules for the preservation of vitality. Petroleum product can be alluded to just like a case of non sustainable power source framed during the carboniferous time frame, for example it required some investment between 300/360 million years for its arrangement (Das, 2014). Vitality is uninhibitedly found in nature. In any case, the regular assets that which can't be recharged; which is found in limited sum and which will stop to exist because of broad utilization by humankind is non sustainable wellspring of vitality. The principle wellspring of petroleum product is Carbon (Appendix 1). The UK has been broadly utilizing non-renewable energy source (non sustainable power source). In any case, these broad utilization makes hurt the earth. For a superior and solid air, and to control the air peculiarities like atmosphere changes a dangerous atmospheric devation, because of utilization of petroleum derivative, a naturally agreeable, developmental, and radical vitality approach is attractive. Use: It very well may be noticed that fossils energizes are widely utilized in the UK since its expense of creation is less. This less expense initiates popularity since when cost is low, request is higher. This is the main positive characteristic of the utilization of non-renewable energy source. Inexhaustible source as an elective vitality (natural agreeable): Broad utilization of non inexhaustible sources like petroleum product has prompted natural dangers like: Climatic changes. An unnatural weather change. For the most part the non-renewable energy sources establishes of carbon. When these are singed, they produce numerous carbon mixes like CO2 (Carbon-di-oxide) and green house gases, which cause mischief to the general condition (Ecotricity.co.uk, 2015). The over two marvel are matters of worries for the UK. This is on the grounds that it makes danger the objects of nature, particularly humankind, creatures and the earth. This produces negative externalities like air contamination, land contamination and water contamination (Appendix 2). For a superior comprehension, we will initially examine the examples of natural issues because of broad use of non-renewable energy sources. A worldwide temperature alteration: Global warming is a piece of the adjustments in atmosphere. Consuming non-renewable energy sources creates/delivers a lot of measure of CO2 and nurseries gases like methane and nitrous oxide (Gov.uk, 2013). These snare the air heat and the warmth can't be discharged back to the climate. This raises the degree of water, raises the temperature and builds the pace of happenings of regular cataclysms. Corrosive downpours: When a non-renewable energy source is scorched, some aerosolized toxins get discharged in the environment. The power plants that are controlled by coal causes sulfur-di-oxide outflows. The discharges of sulfur-di-oxide and nitrogen oxide causes the fermentation of downpours as these hazardous gases arrive at the upper layer of environment and get blended in with mists. Corrosive downpours have high pH which influences our eco framework immensely (Uccee.org, 2015). Corrosive downpours offer ascent to high deforestation, enduring, breaks down supplements of soil, makes harms trees and plants. It influences the marine creatures. It might be noticed that the marine creatures also need some acidic conditions for their endurance. Be that as it may, corrosive downpours decimate their territory and makes hurts their lives. Method of reasoning: From a profoundly fossilized economy vitality arrangement, the UK should actualize a vitality approach which is developmental and earth neighborly. The UK should expose itself to the utilization of inexhaustible wellsprings of vitality like sun, wind, tides, downpour water, waves and geo-warm warmth (Fells and Whitmill, 2008). All the more accurately, this developmental vitality arrangement should exclusively mean the new use of sustainable power source in lieu of petroleum derivative (non inexhaustible wellsprings of vitality). This is for the most part for two reasons as under: To rejuvenate the earth and keep it from further rot like increasingly a dangerous atmospheric devation and progressively climatic changes. To forestall fatigue of the non-inexhaustible wellsprings of vitality. So as to decrease the ecological dangers, arrangement for employments of sustainable wellsprings of vitality which is earth neighborly is attractive . For a superior comprehension, the graph underneath can be examined. It might be seen from the chart that the vitality holds will be depleted absolutely continuously 2081. So as to forestall this, there is required to grasp and use the sustainable wellsprings of vitality like, sun, wind, tides, downpour water, waves and geo-warm warmth (diagrams, 2012). The UK, Energy Fuel Energy: The UKs industrialization gets its capacity from non sustainable sources. This is a direct result of its effortlessness in getting to. It is one of the main modern countries of the world. Yet, the broad use of non-renewable energy source has incited negative impacts on the earth (Gov.uk, 2013). Thus, the UK is required to grasp an elective wellspring of vitality, particularly sustainable power source to limit the negative impacts of petroleum product use. Statics of vitality utilization of the UK (GDP PPP per kg): Year Gross domestic product/Unit kg use 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994 7.3, 7.0, 7.1, 7.2 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998,1999 7.6, 7.5, 7.9, 8.1, 8.3 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 8.6, 8.8, 9.2, 9.5, 9.7 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 9.9, 10.4, 11.1, 11.2, 11.4 2010, 2011, 2012 11.3, 12.3, 12.1 Measurements: [fossil fuel vitality utilization of the UK (GDP PPP per kg]): Year Gross domestic product/Unit kg use 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 88.4, 87.8, 87.7, 88.0, 86.1 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 88.1, 88.6, 89.6, 90.1, 87.3 2010, 2011, 2012 88.3, 85.8, 85.1 Discharges: CO2 outflow was 422.0 Mt (2014), 467.5 Mt (2013). Green house gas emanation was 82% (2013). Statics: Green house discharges (2001-2013) Green house gases Units (in ton) 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 CO2 Carbon dioxide Million 568.0 550.4 561.3 561.5 557.8 555.6 546.7 CH4 Methane Million 109.3 107.1 102.1 97.3 92.1 88.2 84.2 N2O Nitrous Oxide Million 34.7 32.9 32.7 33.3 32.2 31.2 30.9 HFC Hydrofluorocarbon Thousand 11.4 11.8 13.1 12.2 13.1 13.9 14.2 PFC Perfluorocarbons Thousand 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 SF6 Sulfur hexafluoride Thousand 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.8 NF3 Nitrogen Trifluoride Thousand 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Complete 725.4 704.2 710.9 705.8 696.6 690.1 677.2 Statics: Green house emanations (2001-2013) Green house gases Year Units (in ton) 08 09 10 11 12 13 CO2 Carbon dioxide Million 532.9 482.2 500.8 457.5 476.3 467.5 CH4 Methane Million 78.3 71.9 67.0 64.0 61.2 56.2 N2O Nitrous Oxide Million 30.2 28.5 28.9 27.7 27.7 27.6 HFC Hydrofluorocarbon Thousand 14.8 15.2 15.7 16.0 16.2 16.2 PFC Perfluorocarbons Thousand 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 SF6 Sulfur hexafluoride Thousand 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 NF3 Nitrogen Trifluoride Thousand 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 All out 657.1 598.6 613.3 566.2 582.2 568.3 (Source: Gov.uk, (2013).Final UK ozone depleting substance emanations national insights: 1990-2013 - ) As indicated by the EU, the UK ought to devour vitality from sustainable source @ 20% constantly 2024. The UK boards of trustees to utilize 15% however at present it is situated third from the base of EU sustainable source utilization after Malta Luxemburg (Gov.uk, 2013). It additionally infers that power creation must be done from inexhaustible sources 40%. Current produces from inexhaustible source is just 4.58% (Web.stanford.edu, 2015). Initially, to dispose of UK's carbon dioxide discharges by at any rate 60% by 2050, and advancing by 2020; Secondly, to keep dependable vitality supplies; Thirdly, to make serious markets, improve the pace of practical financial development and to build profitability; and fourthly, to ensure that each house is enough and moderately warmed (Gov.uk, 2013). As regardsrenewable vitality, the UK has define objectives forutilizing tidal vitality and wind vitality (Web.stanford.edu, 2015). According to the White Paper on Energy (2007), UK has set an objective that constantly 2020, 20% of the UK's vitality must be gotten from inexhaustible source (the Guardian, 2015). SWOT Analysis: (for executing sustainable power source approach). Inward Analysis Quality: v The UK can assume a lead job in fighting climatic changes and a worldwide temperature alteration. v The UK has numerous suitable areas for creation and improvement of different kinds of sustainable power source. v This arrangement will draw in private financial specialists because of motivating forces appended to it. v The govt. is monetarily stable to contribute tremendous capital for usage of this strategy. v The fall in the of

Monday, August 10, 2020

Forrest, Nathan Bedford

Forrest, Nathan Bedford Forrest, Nathan Bedford, 1821â€"77, Confederate general, b. Bedford co., Tenn. (his birthplace is now in Marshall co.). At the beginning of the Civil War, Forrest, a wealthy citizen of Memphis, organized a cavalry force, which he led at Fort Donelson (Feb., 1862) and Shiloh (April). He assumed command of a cavalry brigade in the Army of Tennessee (June) and in July captured a large Union garrison at Murfreesboro. He was made a brigadier general. With a newly recruited command he effectively cut Grant's communications in a raid through W Tennessee (Dec., 1862). After foiling a Union attempt to cut the railroad between Chattanooga and Atlanta (May, 1863), Forrest participated in the Chattanooga campaign until trouble with Braxton Bragg led him to accept a command in N Mississippi. He was promoted to major general (Dec., 1863); captured Fort Pillow (Apr., 1864); defeated a superior force at Brices Cross Roads, Miss. (June); and held Gen. Andrew Jackson Smith to a drawn battle at Tupe lo, Miss. (July). These Union failures against Forrest caused Sherman, then advancing on Atlanta, much concern for his communications. Forrest commanded all the cavalry under John Bell Hood in that general's Tennessee campaign (Nov.â€"Dec., 1864) and was promoted to lieutenant general (Feb., 1865). He surrendered shortly after his defeat at Selma, Ala., in April. After the war he engaged for a time in railroading and also was important in the activities of the Ku Klux Klan . Forrest, probably the greatest Confederate cavalryman, is one of the most interesting figures of the war. See biographies by J. A. Wyeth (1899, repr. 1959), E. W. Sheppard (1930), R. S. Henry (1944), and A. N. Lytle (rev. ed. 1960). The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies

Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Natural Harmony of Organic Architecture

Organic Architecture is a term that American architect Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) used to describe his environmentally integrated approach to architectural design. Organic architecture strives to unify space, to blend interiors and exteriors, and create a harmonic built environment that is not separate or dominant from nature but part of a unified whole. Wrights own homes, Taliesin in Spring Green, Wisconsin and Taliesin West in Arizona, exemplify the architects theories of organic architecture and lifestyle. Early Elements of Organic Architecture The philosophy behind the organic movement emerged in response to design precepts espoused by Wrights mentor and fellow architect, Louis Sullivan. While Sullivan believed that form follows function, Wright argued that form and function are one. Author Jà ³sean Figueroa theorizes that Wrights vision likely grew out of his exposure to the American Transcendentalism of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Wright was not concerned with a single, unified architectural style per se, because he believed that every building should grow naturally from its environment. Nevertheless, architectural elements found in the Prairie School—overhanging eaves, clerestory windows, one-story rambling open floor plans—are elements that recur in many of Wrights designs. The unifying force behind Wrights architectural vision for private homes (as opposed to designs for commercial structures) is to achieve a harmonious balance with the building site, be it desert or prairie. Spring Green, a structure Wright designed that now serves as Taliesins visitors center is formed like a bridge or a dock on the Wisconsin River; the roofline of Taliesin West follows the Arizona hills, stepping in downward paths toward desert pools that are almost liquid in appearance. Definition of Organic Architecture A philosophy of architectural design, emerging in the early 20th cent., asserting that in structure and appearance a building should be based on organic forms and should harmonize with its natural environment. —From Dictionary of Architecture and Construction Famous Examples of Wrights Organic Architecture The name Taliesin is a nod to Wrights Welsh ancestry. While the Druid Taliesin appears in Arturian legend as a member of King Arthurs Round Table, according to Wright, in the Welsh language, Taliesin means shining brow. Taliesin was so named because its built like a brow on the edge of the hill, not on top of the hill itself. I believe you should never build on top of anything directly, Wright explained. If you build on top of the hill, you lose the hill. If you build on one side of the top, you have the hill and the eminence that you desire... Taliesin is a brow like that. Both Taliesin properties are organic because their designs adapt to the environment. Horizontal lines mimic the horizontal range of hills and shorelines. The sloping rooflines mimic the slope of the land. Fallingwater, a private home nestled on top of a hillside stream in Mill Run, Pennsylvania, is arguably Wrights best-known creation and the one most closely identified with the organic movement. By employing modern steel and glass materials in its cantilevered construction, Wright gave Fallingwater the appearance of smooth concrete stones skipping along the Bear Run waterfalls. Six miles south of Fallingwater, Kentuck Knob is another example of Wrights commitment to fusing natural and manmade elements in the creation of his designs. Close-set to the ground, the roof of the modular one-story octagonal home appears almost as if its rising out of the hillside, a natural part of the forest floor, while the native sandstone and tidewater red cypress from which the structure is built blend seamlessly into the surrounding landscape.   Modernist Approaches to Organic Design In the last half of the 20th century, Modernist architects took the concept of organic architecture to new heights. By using new forms of concrete and cantilever trusses, designers were able to create swooping arches without visible beams or pillars. Modern organic buildings are neither linear or rigidly geometric. Instead, their characteristic wavy lines and curved shapes suggest natural forms. While also imbued with a sense of surrealism, Parque Gà ¼ell and many other works by Spanish architect Antoni Gaudà ­ are considered organic. Other classic examples of modernist approaches to organic architecture include the Sydney Opera House by Danish architect Jà ¸rn Utzon and the Dulles International Airport with its swooping, wing-like roofs from Finnish architect Eero Saarinen. While embracing some past concepts of the organic movement, the modernist approach is less concerned with integrating architecture within the surrounding environment. The World Trade Center Transportation Hub by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava built at Ground Zero on the site of the original Twin Towers has been cited by some as a modernist approach to organic architecture. According to a 2017 story in Architectural Digest, The white-winged Oculus is an organic form in the center of a new complex of towers, and memorial pools, at the sites of the two that fell in 2001. Frank Lloyd Wright Quotes on Organic Design Houses should not be boxes set together row on row. If a house is to be architecture, it must become a natural part of the landscape. The land is the simplest form of architecture. So here I stand before you preaching organic architecture: declaring organic architecture to be the modern ideal and the teaching so much needed if we are to see the whole of life, and to now serve the whole of life, holding no traditions essential to the great TRADITION. Nor cherishing any preconceived form fixing upon us either past, present or future–but instead, exalting the simple laws of common sense—or of super-sense if you prefer—determining form by way of the nature of materials...—From An Organic Architecture Sources Figueroa, Jà ³sean. The Philosophy of Organic Architecture.  CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2014Hess, Alan (text); Weintraub, Alan (photography); Organic Architecture: The Other Modernism. Gibbs-Smith, 2006Pearson, David. New Organic Architecture: The Breaking Wave, pp. 21, 41. University of California Press, 2001Wright, Frank Lloyd. The Future of Architecture. New American Library, Horizon Press, 1953Dictionary of Architecture and Construction edited by Cyril M. Harris, pp. 340-341. McGraw-Hill, 1975Fazzare, Elizabeth. Santiago Calatrava Explains How He Designed the Oculus For Future Generations in Architectural Digest (online), October 24, 2017

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Analysis Of Mrs. Dalloway - 1298 Words

Walt Whitman’s poem When I heard the Learn’d Astronomer shows a moment which captures the beauty of self-reliance and non-conformity. In the poem, the speaker listens to a lecturer who speaks about astronomy through calculations and measurements. Being sick and tired of the lecture, the speaker wanders off outside to see the stars for himself and becomes struck in awe of the physical beauty of the stars. He also regains peace within himself after finding a new outlet for understanding. This idea of non-conformity being a precursor to self-actualization and inner-peace similarly resonates in Virginia Woolf’s novel Mrs. Dalloway. The portrayal Clarissa Dalloway and Septimus Smith are both examples in the novel that show the negative consequences of conformity. In the beginning lines of the poem, the speaker begins to tell an anecdote about a time he heard a â€Å"learn’d astronomer†. The man is perceived to be highly intelligent and specifically inves ted in the study of astronomy. However, Whitman contracts the word â€Å"learned†, presenting a plain voice that contrasts to the revered sophistication of the astronomer (Whitman 1). This ironic use of tone could be used in order to make fun of the astronomer, despite being a well-educated man and a master of astronomy. Continuing on, the astronomer presents his mathematical â€Å"proofs†, â€Å"ranged in columns† by using â€Å"figures† and the â€Å"charts and diagram† (2-3). The speaker at this point hears the lecture as a list of randomShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Virginia Woolfs Mrs. Dalloway1756 Words   |  8 PagesIt is itself doubtable that Virginia Woolf’s 1925 novel Mrs. Dalloway would or even could exist, as we know it today, without T.S. Eliot’s 1922 poem The Waste Land – but what’s near-certain to me now is that Woolf may not have ever even written the character of Septimus Warren Smith, had she not read E liot’s poem first. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Multicorporate structure Free Essays

As early as the 1980’s there has been significant effort to create management practices in the industry that parallel business strategies because of the realization of the need for sustainability as much as quality services (Alexander et al, 1988). The advocacy is now influencing current health administrators to adopt these practices on a structural level: organization are being reengineered operationally and to accommodate non-traditional and non-medical specific functions such as marketing, public relations and organizational development (Griffith White, 2006). Healthcare organizations that have multicorporate structures consider themselves not only healthcare providers but as an organization that has to be professionally productive socially responsive and operationally independent. We will write a custom essay sample on Multicorporate structure or any similar topic only for you Order Now This is not to infer that traditional healthcare organizations preclude these characteristics only rather that multicorporate structured healthcare organization follow more closely the structure of an enterprise Going Multicorporate Structured Technology, communication, culture and politics have changed perceptions regarding the industry and thus are changing the means of delivering services. For example, in evaluating accounting and financial management (A/FM) performance, the adaptation of performance benchmarking principles have allowed for early threshold performance measurements of health programs (Griffith White, 2006, pp. 455-456). In an effort to measure productivity levels of technology programs the Australia’s health and social services, the Australian Government Productivity Commission (2006) considered the marginal effectiveness propensity of the inclusion of technology in medical procedures as well as sensitivity analyses and compared them to the influence of technology in other government services to determine the impact to health services. This effort supports Griffith and White’s view of the need for sophisticated surveillance and forecasting activity in multicorporate structured organizations (pp. 564-565). In a similar effort, the United Kingdom based Democratic Health Network (2006) established community support and communication networks to support and monitors health awareness and delivery of services. The effort has developed significant funding for community-based health activities as well for the Democratic Health Network itself, greater participation in programs and higher satisfaction rating of health services. According to Griffith and White, these efforts can be considered as part of the healthcare organization’s marketing strategy because the efforts create awareness, reinforces the significance of the organization to the public, and at the same time allows for insights that can be developed to strategic advantages (pp. 610-613). Conclusion Considering the demands on healthcare today, there is need to develop effective channels for services, streamline operations and maximize resources. According to Leatherman (2001), there has been a recognized need in the health care industry to reevaluate its social roles and the social developments affecting the nature of current health care needs. This can only be accomplished if an organizations structure is able to respond to healthcare professionals and the public effectively, which can only be possible if the organization’s structure allows for the development of such competencies. The need for multicorporate structures does not invalidate the social mandate of healthcare institutions but only endeavors to make a strategy-based and sustainable enterprise. The adoption of corporate practices in healthcare is an effort to institute administrative and competitive competencies in healthcare organizations. References Alexander, J. A., Morlock, L. L. and Gifford, B. D. (1988). The effects of corporate restructuring on hospital policymaking. Health Serv Res   June; 23(2): 311–337. Griffith, John R. and White Kenneth R. (2006). The Well-Managed Healthcare Organization, Sixth Edition. Chicago, IL: American College of Healthcare Executives Leatherman, S. (2001) Measuring up: Performance indicators for better healthcare. OECD Observer No. 229 Australian Government Productivity Commission (2006). Impacts of Advances in Medical Technology in Australia. Retrieved August 11, 2007, from http://www.pc.gov.au/study/medicaltechnology/finalreport/mediarelease.html Democratic Health Network (2006). Accountability of the Health Service. Retrieved August 11, 2007    How to cite Multicorporate structure, Essay examples

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Social Needs of Children in Foster Care

Question: Write a research proposal on Social needs of children in foster care. Answer: Introduction The following research proposal will be based on the Social needs of children in foster care. Foster care is a temporary care unit for children aged up to 18 years provided by trained and authorized foster carers often called foster parents (Halfon and Klee 2015). The children required for foster care can be from any cultures, religion and social background. Background of the study In the present era, foster care for children has become quite familiar and popular to the parents and families over the worldwide. There are no specific requirements for the parents and children to avail the foster care or foster parents but there should be genuine reasons to the parents who opt for the said service (Raman and Sahu 2014). Availing Foster care can be for various reasons like professionally involvement in job of parents, complications in the situation of family in terms of domestic violence or alcohol misuse or sexual abuse (Conn et al. 2015). The following research study represents the social requirements for the children in foster care. Rationale of the study Foster care is a temporary home or ward for the children who are either not safe with their families or being neglected by the parents generally in the early years of their life (first 3 to 4 years) when the brain development of children are most active and efficient (Dozier, Zeanah and Bernard 2013). However, in certain foster units where children are supposed to nurture and to be provided with the required social needs, tend to be abused and face social traumas that affect them mentally and emotionally (Flannery, Beauchamp and Fisher 2016). Therefore, the study will help to identify about the social requirements for the children in foster care that should be adopted by every foster home. Research Aim and Objectives The aim of this study will be to analyze the relationship between children and foster carers/ foster parents trust in order to identify the impact of social needs of the foster children. Objectives: To identify the basic social requirements that needs to be provided to the well development of foster children To identify the tools and means for providing services by foster care unit in order to fulfill the social need of the children To identify the processes to be followed by the foster parents and foster carers to build the trust among children and their parents To recommend some possible ways that will help to improve its foster service in Australia Research questions: The questions of this research will be as under: What are the basic requirements of the foster service in order to provide better development of children? What kind of tools and means foster units should use for fulfillment of the social requirements of foster children? What are the processes to be followed by the foster service in order to build the trust between children and parents? What are the possible ways to improve the foster service in Australia? Literature Review Background and the importance of the social issue: Foster care has become an integral part of the society in context to provide care and protection to the children who are not able to live with their family in their own home (Edelstein et al. 2016). According to the studies and other research on the issues for the children under foster care brought to the notice are developmental issues, mental health issues, and emotional development efficiencies. Further examination disclosed the high number of children in U.K is in foster home whereas 30 to 50 % of the children are suffering from the lack of basic requirements from the foster parenting (Szilagyi et al. 2015). Apart from this, an association named Australian Foster Care Association has been formed in support to the foster carers, children and their families (Hyde et al. 2016). Further, it has also been noticed that due to increase in number of children who are in need of out of home care service there are limited number of foster service providers are available. Identification of the factors that affect social issues of the children in foster care: On the observation of the studies in regard to the issues faced by the children in foster care it can be said that the children face and suffers from certain basic issues in their growth. Issues in terms of mental development issues, basic habitual issues, timeliness etc. are certain drawbacks that children have to face in foster care (Lee and Lee 2016). Jackson Foster, Beadnell and Pecora (2015) commented that Foster care is a temporary care unit or ward which may be harmful for the child as continuous change in place and care taker that hinders the knowledge and skill growth and development. Apart from these issues, children may also face difficulties for the mental growth and sense of timeliness in the foster home as well as lack of family attachment (Linton et al. 2014). Requirements of the social needs for the children in foster care: In order to overcome the issues laid in the above section, the proposed research study will be carried out so that the children are able to receive whatever they deserve to get. Foster carers are required to focus on the mental and emotional development issues so that children are able to learn and grow as per the skills required (Harkin and Houston 2016). Additionally, the foster carers are also required to focus on the protection on the children so that their education skills, knowledge nurtures, and children feel protected. Further, foster carers and service providers should also have knowledge about handling children in order to provide them with good basic knowledge and education as well as care and protection (Jee et al. 2015). This research study focus on the basic issues that the foster carers are required to provide to children who stay away from their family. Developmental issues: This is an important issue among the young children, who stay away from their family. They are required to provide care and protection so that children in foster home feel protected and eventually, help to develop their mental health (Bick et al. 2015).In countries like United States, United Kingdom, Australia, there are around 500,000 children using foster home on account of being victim for the continuous abuse and maltreatment (Bauernschuster and Schlotter 2015). Hence, it is very important to educate the parents apart from the children so that they do not face these challenges. Timeliness issues: Another issue that will be taken care of is to maintain timeliness and discipline among the children. As foster care is a temporary care unit, constant mobility of children affects their timeliness and discipline growth required for normal growth of children (Garg et al. 2015). On the other hand, in some cases children are given foster care because of professional work of the parents due to which they have to travel. Therefore, the biological parents should understand and avoid travelling especially for the children in their first 5 years so that the parent child relationship is nurtured (Troller Renfree et al. 2015). Upon the survey it has been observed that children aged between 0 to 8 years have the fastest capacity in brain development and emotional health development, hence it is very important for the parents to take care and enhance the growth and development of children in their early years itself. Psychological stress issues: This is a vital issue for the foster children because children often face negligence, avoidance, abuse, grief and that is the reason they put in the foster care home (Stookey et al. 2015). In order to overcome these emotional grief and sorrow, foster service provider may conduct parent child session and spread awareness about the psychological condition and depressing state of the mind of children (Feldman et al. 2014). Moreover, the research study will also focus on the emotional quotient that children should have depending on their age group so that next step of counseling becomes easier and systematic. This step might be helpful for the better growth and happiness among children. Foster care units may also create awareness among the family and public about the education and knowledge that is required for the well-being of children so that they overcome the emotions of grief and sorrow due to which they have to undertake the service of foster parents (Havnes and Mogstad 2015). Moreover, the research study will focus on the basic and social issues of children growth and development like developmental issues, psychological stress issues, sense of timeliness, and attachment with the family issues. Gap between the previous researches and the current study In the previous study, researchers mainly focused on finding the issues of the foster cares that affect the children growth and development whereas this research study will focus on identifying the particular issues affecting children and ways to resolve them. On the other hand, previous research study was based on the general terms of foster service while this study will focus on Australian territory so that the issues can be resolved region wise. This study also focuses on the education and general awareness between the biological parents and families in order to enhance and nurture the relationship with their children by conducting surveys, interviews and questionnaire session with the family and children of young age. Conceptual framework Figure 1: Conceptual framework (Source: Created by author) Research Methodology This research study will follow a specific methodology in order to achieve the aim of the research proposal mentioned in the above chapter. Additionally, the methodology will be inclusive of certain philosophy, design and approach of research that are particular in context to the case of the study. At the same time, the methodology will also specify about the data collection and analysis techniques along with the ethical considerations. Types of investigation This part of research methodology will indicate the particular philosophy, design and approach of research based on which this research will be continued. In case of research philosophies three principal types of philosophies are followed positivism, realism and interpretivism. Among all the mentioned research philosophies, the study will select the positivism philosophy and the reason behind this is the positivism philosophy follows a structure that minimizes the chances of variance or huge change in the variables. This philosophy follows some strict laws and rules that make the study more structured. At the same time, the positivism philosophy helps to analyze the research data in a logical and quantitative way. Therefore, by using the positivism philosophy this research will be able to analyze the data mathematically. On the other hand, this research study will use the deductive research approach between the two available research approaches deductive and inductive research approaches. The important reason behind choosing this approach is that the deductive research approach helps to get to the point result of research. At the same time, the deductive approach is very much site and cost saving, which is not possible in case of inductive approach of research (Jee et al. 2015). Therefore, by using the deductive research approach, it will be possible to complete the study within the limited and available time and costs. In case of research design, the study will focus on the descriptive research design than the explanatory and exploratory designs because the descriptive research design helps to conduct the study based on the existing literature and theories (Bauernschuster and Schlotter 2015). Further, the descriptive research design helps in detailed investigation hence it will help in get result that is more prominent within the minimum time. Data collection methods In order to gather data for conducting this research study the researcher will adopt both the primary and secondary data collection process. In case of primary data collection process, the study will be done by collecting data through survey session with the group of respondents considering various sources of books, journals, websites (Havnes and Mogstad 2015). On the other hand, the secondary data will be collected from various authenticated websites, journals, articles and books that will help the researcher to get the factual data regarding the research topic. Sampling technique and sample size This part of the study will follow the probability and non-probability sampling methods. In case of probability sampling, the simple random sampling method will be followed that is used to choose the sample for survey because in case of survey, the population will be too vast. However, in case of interview, the non-probability sampling technique will be followed. Further, the research study will be continued by sending survey questionnaire to 90 foster children aged between 10 to 18 years and it is expected that at least 70 children will respond. Therefore, the expected sample size is 70 foster children. Apart from the survey questionnaire, in case of interview, the expected sample is 20 foster parents. Data analysis technique In this section of the study of research, the researcher will use the quantitative and qualitative techniques of data analysis in order to analyze the data in detail. The survey data will be analyzed with the help of quantitative data analysis technique and the interview data will be analyzed with the help of qualitative data analysis technique. Ethical consideration This section of the research is the most important part of the entire study that will be conducted in the process of the research. There are certain steps that will be considered in order to avoid any ethical issue in the study. Before the start of the research, proper permission will be taken from the authority and at the same time, the reliability and viability of the data will also be considered as well as the confidentiality of the survey and interview participants will also be maintained during the study. Research Limitation However, while conducting the research there are certain limitations that the paper will face that is time constraint. It has been observed that the available time for this research study will not be sufficient. However, it will be tried to complete within that limited period only, which will be quite challenging. Another limitation will be the limited availability of cash funds. The available funds for the research project will be also much less than the required cash, which will a big limitation for the study. Timeframe Table 1: Gantt chart (Source: Created by author) Expected Outcome It is expected from the research study that the researchers will be able to achieve the aim and objectives of the study as well as the positive relationship between foster service providers and children will also be identified. Apart from this, the researchers will be able to identify and explain the social requirements every child is supposed to get in foster care. However, it may also be determined that the parents are also responsible to certain extent for the upbringing and fulfillment of basic requirements in terms of emotional and mental development of their children. Reference List: Bauernschuster, S. and Schlotter, M., 2015. Public child care and mothers' labor supplyEvidence from two quasi-experiments.Journal of Public Economics,123, pp.1-16. 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